C#, Machine Learning, Uncategorized

Learn and Predict the Gender of German Nouns

The German language is know to be relatively complicated and especially the gender causes lots of confusion. While English has only one article (the), three different articles are used in German: der (male) die (female) das (neuter) While rules to determine the gender of a noun exist, almost no German native speaker can name them. We can now solve this problem (determine the gender without memorizing the rules) using some simple machine learning with the Accord framework. Let’s quickly name the steps that will follow: find and extract a dataset of noun-gender associations split into training, test and validation dataset extract features into something the algorithm can use train a Naive Bayes test the model with the test dataset After quite a while of searching, I found this machine readable and CC-BY-SA 4.0 licensed XML file from Daniel Naber. In our Universal Windows App we can then load all nouns into…

Arduino, C#, Hardware, Root, Windows 8, WinRT

Arduino as a MIDI/Bluetooth Relay for Windows 8.1 Apps

In my last post I described how a Bluetooth connection between Arduino and a Windows 8.1 device can be established. The next step for me was to connect the Arduino to my electronic drum kit which has both, a MIDI-IN and a MIDI-OUT jack, but any other electronical instrument will do as well. The wiring diagram for an Arduino Uno R3 with MIDI-IN/OUT and the JY-MCU Bluetooth module is shown in Fig.1. NOTE: Occasionally there are MIDI shields available for Arduino, so you might not have to build it on your own. The Arduino code to relay MIDI>Bluetooth and Bluetooth>MIDI is actually quite simple. //======================================================authorship //by Michael Osthege (2013) //======================================================includes #include “SoftwareSerial.h” //======================================================constants const int TX_BT = 10; const int RX_BT = 11; const int MIDI_TX = 1; const int MIDI_RX = 0; //======================================================bluetooth setup SoftwareSerial btSerial(TX_BT, RX_BT); //======================================================initialization void setup() {     Serial.begin(31250);     btSerial.begin(9600);     Serial.println(“Bluetooth initialized”); }…

C#, Root, UI, Windows Phone

A Custom (Async) MessageBox for WPF and Windows Phone

The System.Windows.MessageBox provided by .NET is limited to a very small set of MessageBoxButtons (Yes/No/OK/Cancel) which do not allow for custom Button texts. The System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox also blocks the UI thread, which can be an annoying disadvantage as well. The MessageBox on Windows Phone has the same disadvantages. Custom buttons in a MessageBoxe simplify the decision for the user, because they can describe the results of the action: However you need to do this with a custom control, so for WPF as well as Windows Phone I designed a simple method for asynchronously showing a MessageBox with custom buttons. (The WPF implementation based on this control by Evan Wondrasek) So let’s bring some sample code.In WPF you can use multiple custom buttons: And on Windows Phone you’re limited to 2 buttons: To use CustomMessageBox, you need to get TCD.Controls from NuGet: And on Windows Phone 7.x you also need async support,…

C#, Metro, Windows 8, WinRT

In-App Donations for Windows 8 Apps

Recently I wanted to offer my customers the opportunity to donate some money. No extra features, just a clean donation option. In-app purchases seemed to be the best option. The idea is to have a list of products which have a price and contain “donate” in their product ID (Fig. 1). In the app the list of products can be retrieved and shown when a donate button is tapped. If donations have been given can be checked by enumerating the existing licenses and looking for the “donate” term (Fig. 2). Reasonably simple right? Well the principle is simple, but in-app purchases are a bit tricky to develop, debug and get through certification. (It took me 7 submissions to get it right..) Those are the things that can result in certification failure: no internet connection -> exception store does not respond properly -> exception error message looks to much like a…

C#, Root, UI, Windows 8, WinRT

Localizing Enums (in a ComboBox)

Enums have many useful applications and are often used in CoboBoxes to let the user select things. In the code behind the enum values are often defined using more or less cryptic text, because neither spaces, special characters, or leading numbers can be used in enum values (for good reasons!). Therefor it is necessary to change the text to something more understandable (language-localized in some cases). One way to achieve this is to create the ComboBox items manually, but it’s much more comfortable to fill the ComboBox items directly with the enum values, because you can get/set the SelectedItem without converting it back and forth from/to the enum value. You can’t override the .ToString() method of the Enum type, so we have to come up with another solution. Just like any other control, the ComboBox uses a Template to create its items. We will replace the default template with one…

C#, UI, Windows 8, WinRT

Keyboard Dismissing ComboBox

In the last few days I came across a design issue with the touch keyboard on Windows 8. The keyboard dismissal logic (documented here) defines a list of controls which do not cause the keyboard to dismiss when they get focused. The purpose is to prevent the keyboard from opening and closing all the time when the user fills out a form and is likely to switch between keyboard-editable controls such as TextBox and other controls like AppBar, Checkbox, RadioButtons the ComboBox and some more. While that works fine with the other controls, ComboBox expands when interacted with and might get covered by the touch keyboard. And unfortunately you can’t change that behavior, or manually dismiss a deployed touch keyboard. (The user is in complete control over the keyboard.) While on the MSDN forums it was suggested to alter the layout such that the ComboBox is less likely to collide with the…

Bio, C#, Root

03 Der Needleman-Wunsch-Algorithmus

Einführung in die Bioinformatik Vorbereiten der Software Grundlagen der objektorientierten Programmierung Einfaches Codebeispiel – manipulieren eines strings Referenzieren einzelner Zeichen in einem string Generieren einer zufälligen Aminosäure-Sequenz Scoring von Alignments Prüfen auf Identität Bewerten von Mutationen – Substitution Matrix Bewerten eines Alignments Der Needleman-Wunsch-Algorithmus Die F-Matrix (abstrakt) Auswählen des Alignments (abstrakt) F-Matrix (Code) Auswählen des Alignments (Code) Die F-Matrix (abstrakt) Der Needleman-Wunsch-Algorithmus geht bei der Berechnung des idealen Alignements in zwei Schritten vor, um exponentiell skalierende Rechenzeit zu vermeiden. Zunächst wird die sogenannte F-Matrix berechnet, aus welcher anschließend das ideale Alignment zusammengesetzt wird. Zur Veranschaulichung alignen wir die Sequenzen GACFC und GCFHC. Jedes Feld in der Matrix (jede Zelle der Tabelle) beinhaltet einen Score. Diese Punktzahl ist jene, die auf dem Weg zur Berechnung des Feldes gesammelt wurde. Zur Berechnung einer Zelle sind immer die Felder links oben, oben und links notwendig: Unter den drei Feldern wird jenes gewählt, durch…

Bio, C#, Root

02 Scoring von Alignments

Einführung in die Bioinformatik Vorbereiten der Software Grundlagen der objektorientierten Programmierung Einfaches Codebeispiel – manipulieren eines strings Referenzieren einzelner Zeichen in einem string Generieren einer zufälligen Aminosäure-Sequenz Scoring von Alignments Prüfen auf Identität Bewerten von Mutationen – Substitution Matrix Bewerten eines Alignments Der Needleman-Wunsch-Algorithmus Die F-Matrix (abstrakt) Auswählen des Alignments (abstrakt) F-Matrix (Code) Auswählen des Alignments (Code) — coming soon Prüfen auf Identität Die einfachste Art, zwei Sequenzen miteinander zu vergleichen ist, zu prüfen, ob sie identisch sind. Dazu müssen jeweils die 0. Position der ersten Sequenz mit der 0. Position der zweiten, die 1. der ersten mit der 1. der zweiten und so weiter vergleichen werden: Der folgende Code macht genau das gleiche, verwendet dabei jedoch statt einer for-Schleife eine while-Schleife: Das Ergebnis einer solchen Prüfung kann offensichtlich nur zwei Werte annehmen: true oder false. Sowohl Mutationen, als auch Rasterverschiebungen führen bei dieser Methode zu einem ‘false‘: APFELSAFT APPELSAFT…

Bio, C#, Root

01 Einführung in die Bioinformatik

Gerade Biologen/Biotechnologen ohne Vorkenntnisse aus der Informatik, haben oft Probleme beim Verständnis grundlegender Verfahren der Bioinformatik. In einer kleinen Serie von Tutorials, werde ich versuchen, dieser Zielgruppe den Einstieg zu erleichtern. Die Codebeispiele folgen der Syntax der Programmiersprache C#, die abstrakten Verfahren können aber auf andere objektorientierte Programmiersprachen übertragen werden. (z.B. Java, C++, VisualBasic…) Die Theorie zu lesen ist zwar schön und gut, doch am Besten verstehen, was vor sich geht kann man, indem man es selbst macht. Ich empfehle jedem, die Codebeispiele nachzubauen, bzw. in echt nachzuvollziehen! Keine Sorge, du musst nicht alles selbst machen. Im folgenden findest du zunächst eine Anleitung, wie du dir die notwendige Software installierst. Anschließend kannst du ein bereits vorbereitetes Projekt herunterladen. Einführung in die Bioinformatik Vorbereiten der Software Grundlagen der objektorientierten Programmierung Einfaches Codebeispiel – manipulieren eines strings Referenzieren einzelner Zeichen in einem string Generieren einer zufälligen Aminosäure-Sequenz Scoring von Alignments Prüfen auf…

C#, Windows Phone

TCD.Web.NotiConn – communicate between handsets without a server

Two days ago, when I was cycling, suddenly I had the answer: Imagine you have two Windows Phone 7 devices and want to establish a two-way connection between them. For example to play a game of Tic-Tac-Toe. You can do this either with a server on the internet, that connects the clients with each other, or the multicast protocol on WiFi-networks. The same WiFi network may not always be available to both users, but you don’t want to set up a server either (maybe, because you’re only doing this for fun, or you don’t have the resources). The only way to send messages to a WP7 app via the internet is to use push notifications. But how do you exchange the channel addresses between the devices? One way is to use a QR code: Establish a push notification channel on both devices Encode the channel URI into a QR code…